Many people, when they hear the word Magnet the classic Horseshoe magnet in the head, where the two poles are arranged quasi parallel next to each other with an air gap in between. The characteristic magnetic field is thus formed in this air gap as well as on the outer right and left of the poles.
If, on the other hand, we use magnets in our everyday lives, for example for the well-known magnetic pinboard or magnetic board on the wall, they are usually round, disc-shaped. In industry, however, many other types of magnets are used, for example special ring magnets or bar magnets.
As we can see, there is a whole range of different types of magnets, the most important of which we will take a closer look at below.