What is meant by paramagnetism?
Paramagnetism was originally researched and discovered by British scientist Michael Faraday, with this type of Magnetism can be found in materials with a certain atomic structure. In a non-magnetic environment, a paramagnet has no magnetic properties, whereas in a magnetic field it immediately becomes magnetic again. This happens because the electrons in the atoms of the material are only able to align themselves in a certain direction, which leads to the creation of a magnetic field. Paramagnetism is further antiproportional to temperature, meaning that lower temperatures cause stronger magnetic fields. Compounds containing materials such as platinum and iron are particularly likely to create very strong paramagnets. However, some paramagnetic materials become magnetic under all conditions, while others require a certain temperature to exhibit magnetic properties.