Who or what is Gauss?
Named after the mathematician Carl Friederich Gauss, the term Gauss is a unit of magnetic field measurement. Often abbreviated to the unit symbol G or Gs in scientific formulas, one Gauss is equal to one Maxwell per square centimeter. The essential idea behind this measurement is that a person is able to measure the amount of magnetic flux density in a magnetic field. Basically, this unit describes how much a magnetic field differs from the Magnet and how strong a magnetic field would have to be to completely demagnetize a magnet. This unit can also be used to measure the flux density of almost any material that is assumed to have a magnetic field.